Since no one in the world of bloggernacle is defending the penal-substitutionary atonement of Christ, I thought I would pull out an old sheet given to me by a systematic theology professor in seminary.
This past month, Jacob, at the “New Cool Thang” listed a series of questions that every atonement theory needs to answer.
First, tell me what you think about these eight propositional truths:
1. God is angry with man because of sin.
Rom. 1:18, Psalm 5:5-6, Psalm 11:5, Jer. 12:8, Eph. 5:6
2. God took the initiative in providing salvation for man.
II Cor. 5:19
3. God provided an atonement because He loved mankind.
John 3:16, Rom. 5:8, I John 4:10
4. The atonement is a ransom.
5. Christ delivered us from the power of Satan.
6. Christ suffered vicariously.
II Cor. 5:21, Isa. 53
7. Christ’s work satisfied God’s justice completely.
8. Christ’s active obedience (His life) is part of this atonement. (He kept the law for us.)
Phil. 2:8, Rom. 5:19, Rom. 8:3-4
Secondly, don’t you think these five English words are important for the discussion: 1. satisfaction, 2. atonement, 3. propitiation, 4. reconciliation, and 5. expiation. What do they mean as you wrestle with this all important doctrine?
Thirdly, maybe we should go even a little deeper . . . what inspired Hebrew and Greek words are important to define as you give definite answers for why you don’t like the penal-substitutionary atonement?