Taken from Mormon Beliefs and Doctrines Made Easier (2007) by David J. Ridges:
BEGINNING In a technical sense, there is no beginning, since we have always existed as intelligence or intelligences–we don’t know what quite what to call it (D&C 93:29). However, “beginning” often refers to our premortal existence as spirit sons and daughters of our heavenly parents (Job 38:7; D&C 93:21, 23). It also refers to the initial stages of the earth’s creation (Genesis 1:1).
ELOHIM As used by members of the Church, this is a name for Heavenly Father. It is a very sacred name and should be spoken of with reverent care. The First Presidency taught: “God the Eternal Father, whom we designate by the exalted-title ‘Elohim,’ is the literal Parent of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ, and of the spirits of the human race (MFP 5:26).
GOD AS A SPIRIT Because John 4:24, as given in the Bible, states that “God is a Spirit,” many Christian religions have developed false teachings about the nature of God. Joseph Smith corrected this verse to read, “For unto such hath God promised his Spirit. And they who worship him, must worship in spirit and in truth” (JST, John 4:26).
JEHOVAH The God of the Old Testament, the God of Israel. He is the premortal Jesus Christ (Ether 3:14, 16; BD, under “Jehovah”).
CREATION The world was created by Jesus Christ, under the direction of the Father (John 1:1-3). We don’t know how it was made, but we do know that it was created by God. Genesis chapter 1 has over forty statements testifying to us, in one way or another, that God created it. All things were made in spirit form before they were created physically (Moses 3:5-7). We do not know how long it took to create the world, but we know that there were seven time periods involved (Abraham 4:5, 8, 13, 23, 31, 5:2). The details of creation will be given to us when the Savior comes to rule and reign for the Millennium (D&C 101:32-34).
FALL OF ADAM AND EVE . . . It has been said that rather than “falling down,” Adam and Eve “fell upward,” meaning that the Fall was a necessary step forward in providing the opportunity for us to progress toward exaltation. . . .
BORN IN SIN Being born into a world in which there is much of sin and wickedness (Moses 6:55)
CONCEIVED IN SIN The false notion that when children are born, they are tainted with so-called “original sin” brought upon all people by the transgression of Adam and Eve in the Garden of Eden. The concept of original sin is false. Those who teach that children are conceived in sin also teach that infants must be baptized, which is another false doctrine (Moroni 8:9-12).
BRIMSTONE Molten sulfur, often associated symbolically in the scriptures with fire and the punishments of God upon the wicked (Luke 17:29; Revelation 9:17-21). There is no such thing as a literal “lake of fire and brimstone” (Revelation 20:10; 2 Nephi 9:16).
DAMNATION The opposite of salvation. Being stopped from progressing. Another name for hell (Matthew 23:33). Actually, there are many different degrees of “damnation” within the teachings of the true gospel, including perdition, telestial glory, terrestrial glory (I Corinthians 15:39-42; D&C 76), and even the first two categories in celestial glory (D&C 131:1-4), because they all fall short of exaltation on the day of final judgment.
GRACE . . . It may be helpful to consider the fact that, in some significant ways, we are indeed saved by grace alone. Using the writings of Paul (Romans 4:16, 5:15; 11:16; Ephesians 2:5, 8 ) in the context of all the scriptures, resurrection is not dependent on works at all. Everyone will be resurrected (I Corinthians 15:22) through the grace of Christ. . . .
CONVERSION The process by which an individual accepts and internalizes the witness of the Holy Ghost (I Corinthians 12:3) that leads to joining The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints and faithful adherence to the laws and commandments of God thereafter.
BORN AGAIN The process of being made a new person, a different person spiritually, through baptism and living the gospel as directed by the gift of the Holy Ghost. It can also be defined as the process of being made eligible, by living the gospel of Jesus Christ, to eventually return to the presence of the Father and live with Him forever (John 3:3, 7; Alma 5:49; 7:14; Moses 6:59).
ABRAHAM, SEED OF A phrase which literally means descendants of Abraham. Symbolically, it means those who live righteously, keeping the commandments and covenants of the gospel, as did Abraham, and who will earn exaltation, thus becoming gods as Abraham did (see D&C 132:37). All who are baptized worthily into the the true Church become the “seed of Abraham.”
ABRAHAMIC COVENANT . . . His posterity would be numerous (see Genesis 17:5-6; Abraham 2:9; 3:14). This can be fulfilled to some extent in this life but will be fulfilled eternally if we are found worthy to become gods and people our own worlds with countless spirit children of our own.
ELECT A term used to refer to the members of the Church who are successfully striving to be faithful to the Lord at all costs and, as a result, are on the path toward exaltation (D&C 25:3; 84:33-34). Even the elect need to be constantly on guard against the devil’s wiles and temptations in order to avoid falling (D&C 20:31-32; JS – M 1:22).
CHRISTIANITY . . . In reality, members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints believe in Christ much more thoroughly that any others can, because they have the restored gospel. “And we talk of Christ, we rejoice in Christ, we preach of Christ, we prophesy of Christ, and we write according to our prophecies, that our children may know to what source they may look for a remission of their sins” (2 Nephi 25:26).
ISAIAH . . . The Book of Mormon contains about 35 percent of Isaiah’s writings and provides help in understanding them. For example, I Nephi 20 is the equivalent of Isaiah 48 in the Bible. However, every verse in I Nephi 20 reads differently than in Isaiah 48. . . .
KING JAMES VERSION OF THE BIBLE . . . Some have wondered why the Church does not use the JST as the official Bible of the Church. The answer is simple. Among other things, it is much easier to use the King James Version in missionary work, rather than our own version, because the King James Bible is well accepted among other Christians. They would be suspicious of a Mormon version of the Bible if used in the initial teaching of the gospel.
INSPIRATION Inspiration is a form of revelation, which can come from sources such as the Light of Christ (John 1:9) and the Holy Ghost. Inspiration is sometimes called the “still small voice” (I Kings 19:12; I Nephi 17:45; 85:6). It can come into our minds (D&C 8:2) as sudden thoughts, ideas, phrases, and so forth. It can come into our hearts (D&C 8:2) as feelings and general impressions. Inspiration is properly called revelation, but revelation, as defined in the scriptures, can be more than inspiration because it can be stronger and more direct than inspiration. For example, dreams, visions, voices, and appearances of angelic beings would be forms of revelation which go beyond the normal definition of inspiration. Inspiration, as we go about our normal daily pursuits, keeps us in constant contact with heaven.
Are you comfortable with these definitions?